All links are to Wikipedia entries.

The Battle of Trafalgar, as Seen from the Mizen Starboard Shrouds of the Victory by J.M.W. Turner.

The Battle of Trafalgar, as Seen from the Mizen Starboard Shrouds of the Victory by J.M.W. Turner. (Click on image to see a larger version.)

Government, Politics, and War:

  • May: Napoleon is crowned, by himself, as King of Italy at the Cathedral of Milan
  • July 9: Muhammad Ali Pasha (the “founder of Modern Egypt”) becomes the Ottoman Viceroy in Egypt. His “dynasty” will rule Egypt until 1952.
  • July 22: The British defeat the Franco-Spanish fleet at the Battle of Cape Finisterre.
  • October 19: A decisive French victory at the Battle of Ulm culminates in the surrender of the entire Austrian army.
  • October 21: At the Battle of Trafalgar, the British Royal Navy defeats the combined French and Spanish fleet in the most decisive naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars, effectively ending French pretensions as a sea power. Admiral Lord Nelson dies in the battle, and is still considered the greatest naval hero in British history.
  • November 6: News of the victory at Trafalgar and Nelson’s death reaches London.
  • December 2: Napoleon defeats the Russian and Austrian armies at the Battle of Austerlitz.
  • December 4: Truce is signed between France and Austria.
  • December 26: The Peace of Pressburg is signed between France and Austria.

Society and Social History:

  • The Bow Street Horse Patrol, a mounted law enforcement force, is revived in London. A horse patrol had been established in the 1760s, but lasted just over a year due to lack of funding.
  • August 3: The first annual cricket match between Eton and Harrow is held at Lord’s Cricket Ground. The young Lord Byron is on the losing Harrow team.
  • December: The French Republican Calendar is abandoned, and France returns to the Gregorian calendar.

Literature, Journalism, and Publishing:

The British Institution from Ackermann's Microcosm of London.

The British Institution from Ackermann’s Microcosm of London. (Click on image to see a larger version.)

Art, Architecture, and Design:

  • Thomas Sheraton publishes the “Cabinet Maker, Upholsterer and General Artist’s Encyclopaedia”.
  • June: The British Institution (in full, the British Institution for Promoting the Fine Arts under the Patronage of His Majesty) is founded by a group of connoisseurs who organize exhibitions and competitions.


  • April 7: Beethovens Symphony No. 3, Eroica is premiered in Vienna.
  • November: Beethoven’s opera Fidelio (under the name Leonore) premiers in Vienna.

Science and Industry:

  • January 20: The London Docks open at Wapping.
  • November 26:  The Ellesmere Canal’s Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is opened in Wales, the tallest and longest aqueduct in Britain.

Natural History and Exploration: